Sri Lanka, which is known as the pearl of the Indian Ocean, has a land area of 65,610 km 2 . Its population is around 22.7 million. “Sinhala” is the main language used in Sri Lanka and many languages such as English, Tamil and Hindi are also used by Sri Lankans.
Sri Lanka, which is surrounded by an enchanting beach, has a mild weather and environment. Sri Lanka, which is an attractive paradise for tourists with a historic heritage, has been respected by many foreign tourists / travellers / explorers / scholars. Sri Lankans are famous for their hospitality and the country flourishes as one of the top countries in the list of world heritages. Agriculture sector plays a key role in the country’s economy and tea, coconut and rubber are among the main crops cultivated in Sri Lanka
There are no ethnic / religious issues in Sri Lanka, where people belonging to various ethnic groups such as Sinhala, Tamil, Muslim and Burgher live together in peace. All the Sri Lankans, who are related to a multi religious culture, enjoy the right to observe their own religion. This is a country where there is a wonderful religious harmony, which is depicted through practices such as Buddhists visiting Christian churches and Christians visiting Buddhist temples. Therefore, temples, churches and Kovils are common religious centers open to everyone.
Thailand and Sri Lanka share a unique friendship based on Theravada Buddhism which is the religion of the majority in both countries. The relationship between the two countries based on this foundation of Buddhism dates back at least three centuries and has helped foster a special friendship between the two nations.It is therefore quite appropriate that steps are taken to further strengthen this unique relationship. In this regard I’m pleased to note the measures being taken by Sri Lanka Tourism to launch Buddhist pilgrimages for Thai tourists.Sri Lanka which has been thrice visited by the Lord Buddha is a treasured repository of sacred sites.Hon. John Amaratunga
The sapling of Sacred Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, gifted to Thailand, was planted at Wat Vajirathammaram Temple in Ayutthaya Province of Thailand in the presence of Thai Prime Minister General Prayut Chan-ocha on February 19.
The most important gift Sri Lanka ever received from overseas, the message of the Gauthama Buddha has introduced a unique religious philosophy together with a new culture and a way of life to the people of this country
The teachings of the Buddha or the Thervada Tripitaka was introduced by Arahath Mahinda in Pali language and it was brought forward by word of mouth for generations until it was transcribed into written text on Ola leaves in the 1st Century at Aluviharaya in Matale.
In a significant move to provide the long due proper status to the Tripitaka, was proclaimed as a national heritage by President Maithripala Sirisena. The Pali Tripitaka volumes considered as the foundation source of the Sri Lankan Buddhist tradition. Tripitaka Dharma constitutes of the Sutra Pitaka, Vinaya Pitaka, and the Abhidharma Pitaka as well as the Atthakatha and Teeka.
This is one of the most prominent sacred religious heritages in the world history which was brought forward for generations by listening to verbal recitations and memorizing. From the first Dhamma Sangayana (First Buddhist Council) to the transcription of the Tripitaka at the Matale Alu Viharaya in 1st Century A.D, the Maha Theras and their student generation preserved this Dharma through oral form.
According to Bertram G. Liyanage of the Editorial Team of the Encyclopaedia of Buddhism, one of the issues is whether Theravada Tripitaka is the most accurate and original words of the Buddha.