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Polonnaruwa | Minneriya National Park

Minneriya National Park

May to October is the best time to visit the Minneriya National Park in preparation for the famous wild elephant rally. The vegetation of the park consists of mixed evergreen tropical forests, abandoned oaks, grasslands and wetlands. The open grasslands and the old chena lands are dominated by the many species of small shrubs. Among the 24 species of mammals residing in the park are elephants, leopards, lazy bear, spotted deer, deer, wild ox, wild pig, gray leopard, purple leaf monkey, The three species of mongoose, the porcupine and the Indian pangolin. Palu (Manilkara Hexandra), Satin (Chloroxylon Swietenia), milla (Vitex Altissima), Kalumediriya (Diospyros Quaesita), halmilla (Berrya Cordifolia), weera (Drypets Sepiaria) like large trees are can see in here. Minneriya National Park has registered more than 170 species of birds. From the migration of waders such as Wood sandpiper, Common Sandpiper and Kentish Plover to forest birds such as the Malabar-foot Hornbills, Rufus Woodpecker, World Wrestling Warrant Officer and endemic Sri Lanka Gray Horn-bill, Sri Lanka Green Pigeon, Brown-capped Babbler and Sri Lanka Jungle Fowl are some of the highlights. Along with Kaudulla and Girithale, Minneriya forms one of the 70 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) of Sri Lanka. Among the nine species of amphibians in Minneriya National Park are the endemic and threatened thin frog and the common frog. Of the 25-reptile species recorded in Park 8 are endemic, including the Red Lizard lizard. Water and soil monitors are also visible here. The Crocodile Mugger can be seen near the tank. Many freshwater fish species are found in the Minneriya reservoir.


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